What are the important facts to know about Cyprus?

about cyprus

What are the important facts to know about Cyprus?

Since ancient times, Cyprus is an island in the eastern Mediterranean sea known for its mineral richness, superb wines, and natural beauty. Tall mountains, rich valleys, and vast beaches characterize Cyprus. Cyprus, which has been inhabited for over ten millennia, is located at a cultural, linguistic, and historical crossroads between Europe and Asia.

Its major cities, Nicosia, Famagusta, and Kyrenia, have absorbed the influences of generations of conquerors, pilgrims, and visitors, and exude a cosmopolitan but provincial air. Today, Cyprus is a popular tourist destination for European travelers, particularly honeymooners (as befits the fabled birthplace of Aphrodite, the ancient Greek goddess of love), bird-watchers, and other holidaymakers drawn by the island’s diversity of migratory species.

about cyprus
about cyprus

About Cyprus – Political independence, geography, and division

Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960 (it had been a crown colony since 1925). The long-existing conflict between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority, as well as a Turkish invasion of the island in 1974, resulted in an actual partition of the island which led to the establishment of a de facto Turkish Cypriot state in the northern third of the island in 1975 (although unrecognized by the international community). In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot state declared unilateral independence under the name Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Only Turkey recognized its independence. This is the primary information you need to know about Cyprus.

Cyprus is located around 40 miles (65 kilometers) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 kilometers) west of Syria, and 480 miles (770 kilometers) southeast of Greece. It stretches for 140 miles (225 kilometers) from Cape Arnauti in the west to Cape Apostolos Andreas at the end of the northeastern peninsula.

Its maximum north-south reach is 60 miles (100 km). After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest Mediterranean island. The island of Cyprus resembles a saucepan in shape, with its handle extending northeastward from the main part. Its nearly 400 miles (640-km) coastline is indented and rugged, with lengthy stretches of sandy beaches.

The Kyrenia Mountains, also known as the Pentadaktylos because of its five-fingered top, run parallel to and slightly inland from the northern shore for 100 miles (160 km). It is the southernmost range of the huge Alpine-Himalayan chain in the eastern Mediterranean, and it is largely made up of deformed Mesozoic limestone rocks, as is much of that extensive mountain belt.

Geologists are fascinated by the Troodos Mountains in the south and southwest, believing that the igneous rock range was formed from molten rock beneath the deep ocean (Tethys) that previously divided the continents of Eurasia and Afro-Arabia. The range stretches eastward for roughly 50 miles (80 kilometers) from the island’s west coast to the 2,260-foot (689-meter) Stavrovouni peak, about 12 miles (19 kilometers) from the island’s southeastern shore. This is one of the important information about Cyprus for people who want to live in Cyprus.

Mount Olympus (also known as Mount Troodos) is the highest point on the island, rising to a height of 6,401 feet (1,951 meters). The Mesaoria Plain (whose name means “Between the Mountains”), which stretches from Morphou Bay in the west to Famagusta Bay in the east, is flat and low-lying and situated between the two mountain ranges. Nicosia is located about in the center of the plain. The plain is the island’s primary cereal-growing region.

The Troodos Mountains are the source of Cyprus’ major rivers. The Pedieos, the biggest, runs eastward toward Famagusta Bay; the Serakhis, northwestward; the Karyotis, northward to Morphou Bay; and the Kouris, southeast to Episkopi Bay. The rivers are solely reliant on the runoff from winter precipitation; in the summer, they are deserted.

The main soil types on the island are imperfect, gravelly lithosols in the Troodos and Kyrenia mountains, and agriculturally productive vertisols in the Mesaoria Plain and along the southeastern coast. Solonchaks and solonetz soils are examples of less productive soils. These are only found in small salty areas scattered around the island.

about cyprus
about cyprus

About Cyprus – Cyprus climate and vegetation

Cyprus has a hot and humid Mediterranean climate with a distinct seasonal cycle. Summers are hot and dry (June to September) and winters are rainy (November to March), with short autumn and spring seasons (October and April to May, respectively) in between. Precipitation in the autumn and winter, which is crucial for agriculture and water supplies, is unpredictable.

The average yearly rainfall is roughly 20 inches (500 mm). Nicosia has the lowest average precipitation at 14 inches (350 mm), while Mount Olympus has the greatest at 41 inches (1,050 mm). Summer temperatures in Nicosia range from 98 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees celsius) to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees celsius); winter temperatures range from 59 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees celsius) to 41 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees celsius). The Troodos range endures several weeks of below-freezing night temperatures from December through March, with significant snowfall. This information is one of the most important information to know about Cyprus.

Along the northern shore, there is a thin fertile plain with mostly evergreen vegetation and olive, carob, and citrus trees. Forests of pine, dwarf oak, cypress, and cedar dominate the Troodos range. Vineyards are widely planted on the southern and western slopes. The Mesaoria Plain is lush and colorful between fall and spring, with a profusion of wildflowers, blooming plants, and shrubs; there are also sections of woods with eucalyptus, acacia, cypress, and lowland pine. In the region of Morphou, orange plantations dot the island’s northern extremity. This information is one of the most important information to know about Cyprus.

Elephant and hippopotamus fossils have been discovered in the Kyrenia region, and there were many deer and boar in ancient times. The agrino, a subspecies of wild sheep related to the mouflon of the western Mediterranean, is the only major wild animal left; it is protected in a tiny wooded section of the Troodos range. Snakes were common in ancient times, giving the island the name Ophiussa, which means “the Abode of Snakes,” although they are now uncommon. There are green and loggerhead turtles breeds on the beaches along the coast, which are protected by law. This information is one of the most important information to know about Cyprus.

Cyprus is located on major migratory routes for birds. During the spring and fall, millions of people fly over the island, and many species spend the winter there. Francolin and chukar partridges are among the many resident species.

About Cyprus – Demographic trends of Cyprus

Cyprus’ population is divided into two ethnic groups: Greeks and Turks. Greek Cypriots, who make up approximately four-fifths of the population, descended from a combination of indigenous peoples and Peloponnese immigrants who conquered Cyprus from 1200 BC and absorbed succeeding residents until the 16th century. Turkish Cypriots who account for around one-fifth of the population descended from troops of the Ottoman army who captured the island in 1571 and immigrants from Anatolia brought in by the Sultan’s government. Since 1974, more Turkish immigrants have been brought in to farm unoccupied land and expand the labor force.

Cypriots have generally been a rural population, although a continuous migration to cities began in the early twentieth century. Six cities, defined as settlements with more than 5,000 people, and over 600 villages were registered in the 1973 census. This trend altered after the Turkish conquest of the northern half of the island in 1974, as a consequence of the necessity to relocate around 180,000 Greek Cypriot refugees who had fled to the southern part of the island from the Turkish-controlled territory.

The accommodations built for them were mostly created in the surrounding areas of the three towns south of the demarcation line, notably in the Nicosia suburban region, which was still under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Cyprus administration. Despite the migration of Turkish Cypriots from the south and the entrance of Turkish immigrants from the mainland, the northern part of the island is presently sparsely inhabited. Under the undivided republic, the six towns listed in the 1973 census were the headquarters of the island’s six administrative districts.

Kyrenia, Famagusta, and the northern half of Nicosia are all under Turkish Cypriot control and are north of the 1974 demarcation line; that section of Nicosia is the administrative center of the Turkish Cypriot sector. After 1974, Limassol, Larnaca, Paphos, and the southern part of Nicosia remained in the hands of Greek Cypriots; that section of Nicosia remains the nominal capital of the Republic of Cyprus and the administrative center of the Greek Cypriot sector.

The majority speaks Greek, while the minority speaks Turkish. A small number of Arabic-speaking Maronite Christians, as well as an Armenian-speaking community, live in the area. There are just a few thousand people in each of these groupings and they are typically bilingual, speaking Turkish or Greek as a second language. English is also widely spoken and understood. Because of the great educational system, the illiteracy rate is exceptionally low.

The majority of Greek Cypriots are Eastern Orthodox Christians. Their church, the Church of Cyprus, is autocephalous (meaning it is not under the jurisdiction of any patriarch); the Byzantine emperor Zeno gave Archbishop Anthemius this privilege in AD 488. The archbishop of the Church of Cyprus was granted the title of ethnarch and was held accountable for the Orthodox community’s secular as well as religious behavior throughout the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish Cypriots are Sunni Muslims. There are also minor Christian groups of Maronites, Armenians, Roman Catholics, and Anglicans.

Cypriots have emigrated in large numbers in the past, and it is believed that there are as many Cypriots living abroad as there are on the island. The vast majority of emigrants went to the United Kingdom or English-speaking Australia, South Africa, the United States, and Canada. Following the negotiations for independence in 1960 and the Turkish takeover of North Cyprus in 1974, there were massive waves of emigration. This is one of the important information about Cyprus for people who want to live in Cyprus.

Between mid-1974 and mid-1977, the population fell marginally due to emigration, war casualties, and a temporary decline in fertility. After 1974, a surge of Greek Cypriots leaving the island in pursuit of jobs, particularly in the Middle East, contributed to a demographic drop, which slowed in the 1990s. Over two-thirds of the population lives in cities. This information is one of the most important information to know about Cyprus.

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